Ươmen | What do you need to know about it?


Vietnamese cuisine is popular all over the world due to its colourful herbs and spices, freshest ingredients, and distinctive regional dishes. Among its iconic dishes of ươmen is a culinary picture of Vietnamese streets that is home-like to everyone. 

Ươmen, also known as “oo-men,” comes as a staple noodle dish proudly recognized in Vietnamese as a traditional soup. It has a rich and complex broth, which perfectly pairs with the soft noodles and endless garnishes that combine to create an umami-laden, harmonious dish.

 In this comprehensive tour-de-force, we explore the origins, ingredients, preparation methods and cultural background of Phœnix, revealing its true essence and popularity.

What does Ươmen mean?

The origin of women dates back to around twenty years ago in northern Vietnam, especially Hanoi, and can be traced to the early 20th century. The dish was initially known by the name “phở bát đặc biệt”, which described its speciality appeal that gradually became the winning trophy of the streets of urban Vietnam. 

The dish was developed through years of evolution and reached the point that it had its own identity, and was ultimately called “ươmen”. Further. this is a mixture of the Vietnamese words “ướp” (marinate) and “mì” (noodles).

Along with the development of the ươmên genre, it was widely propagated from the northern mountain region of Vietnam to the coastal areas, being adapted to local tastes and with local produce. 

In the south of Vietnam, coconut is used to enrich the broth, while chile peppers make it spicy in central Vietnam. Despite these variations, certain fundamental elements remained consistent rich, seasoned broth, rice noodles, toppings and garnishes.

Cultural belief of Ươmen

The cultural significance of ươmen beyond its gastronomic appeal is firmly ingrained in Vietnamese culture. Further, ươmen prioritizes hospitality, family togetherness, and community spirit at its heart.

Ươmen symbolize hospitality and charity first and foremost. Vietnamese culture values hospitality and presenting food to guests, such as ươmen, to welcome them into one’s house or workplace. Sharing a bowl of İơmen with friends or strangers creates a feeling of warmth and solidarity, breaking down boundaries and forming enduring ties.

In addition to this, the cooking of ươmen as well as the consumption of it, usually involves the participation of various generations of a family in producing them. 

From stewing the broth to the final garnishing of the dish, each and every step of the process is imbibed with love, dedication, and tradition. Traditional family recipes are carried out from one generation to the next in a line, thus maintaining the gastronomy heritage and strengthening family bonds.

Origin of Ươmen

Traditional Vietnamese noodle soup, ươmen, originated in the early 20th century in northern Vietnam, notably in Hanoi’s busy streets. Initially called “phở bát đặc biệt” (special bowl of pho), ươmen became a famous street meal in urban Vietnam, representing its diverse cuisine.

After gaining popularity, the meal evolved, gaining its personality and the name ươmen”.” The phrase “ươmen” comes from the Vietnamese words “ướp” (marinate) and “mì” (noodles), referring to the broth’s marinated meats and noodles as its main component.

As ươmen expanded over Vietnam, they adapted to local tastes and ingredients. Southern Vietnam may add coconut milk for richness, whereas central Vietnam may add fiery chilli peppers for spice. Although modifications occurred, the core features of ươmen remained: a delicious broth, supple rice noodles, and various toppings and garnishes.

Uơmen also finds recognization as an emblem of Vietnamese cuisine, for its rich taste, soothing warmth, and cultural importance. Either in a crowded street market or a private family kitchen, ươmen captivates foodies worldwide.

How to make Ươmen?

Making true ươmen, a Vietnamese noodle soup, takes time, patience, and precision. While recipes and ingredients vary, these steps illustrate the conventional way to make this favourite dish:


  • Beef bones (knuckle bones, oxtail, marrow bones) or chicken bones (carcasses, feet)
  • Aromatic herbs and spices (star anise, cinnamon, cloves, coriander seeds, ginger, shallots, lemongrass)
  • Rice noodles
  • Thinly sliced beef or chicken
  • Fish sauce
  • Sugar
  • Garnishes (fresh herbs, bean sprouts, lime wedges, chilli peppers, hoisin sauce, sriracha)

Prepare broth

  • Blanch bones in boiling water to remove contaminants. Place them in a large water-filled stockpot.
  • Add Star anise, cinnamon, cloves, coriander seeds, ginger, shallots, and lemongrass to the saucepan.
  • After boiling, lower the heat and simmer the mixture for several hours. Skim off cooking froth and contaminants.
  • Longer simmering makes broth richer and tastier. Simmer bones and seasonings for 4-6 hours to maximize flavour.

Prepare noodles

  • Prepare the rice noodles per the packet while the broth simmers.
  • Rinse cooked noodles under cold water to avoid sticking. Reserve until serving.

Marinating meat

  • Thinly slice meat or chicken and marinade in fish sauce, sugar, and spices. This tenderizes and flavours meat.
  • Before cooking, marinade the meat for 30–60 minutes.


  • Serve ươmen by placing cooked noodles in a bowl.
  • Top noodles with thinly sliced marinated meat or chicken.
  • Cover the noodles and meat with heated broth, filling each dish.

Serving and garnishing

  • Add cilantro, Thai basil, sawtooth herb, bean sprouts, lime wedges, and sliced chilli peppers to the soup.
  • Serve the ươmen hot with hoisin sauce and sriracha on the side.
  • You may add herbs, spices, and sauces to your bowls to suit your taste.
  • Making ươmen from scratch takes time, but the aromatic broth, delicate noodles, and savoury garnishes are worth it, satisfying the senses and soul.


What is ươmen?

Uơmen, a Vietnamese noodle soup, is renowned for its tasty broth, supple rice noodles, and variety of toppings. It originated in northern Vietnam, mainly Hanoi, and is now a popular comfort meal nationwide.

What are the essential components of ðѡmen?

In ươmen, use beef or chicken bones for the broth, fragrant herbs and spices like star anise, cinnamon, ginger, rice noodles, and thinly sliced meat or chicken. Further, fresh herbs, bean sprouts, lime wedges, and chilli peppers are traditional garnishes.

How is ươmen served?

Serve ươmen, noodles and beef in a dish with hot broth. Moreover, customers may add fresh herbs, bean sprouts, lime wedges, chile peppers, hoisin sauce, and sriracha to their bowls.

What is the cultural importance of ươmen?

In addition to its gastronomic appeal, ươmen is culturally significant in Vietnamese culture. It signifies hospitality, family togetherness, and community spirit. People offer it during festivities and ceremonies to build relationships. Preparing and distributing ươmen reflects family values and traditions.

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