The human heart is the most vital organ pumping oxygen-rich blood to the rest of the body. The fist-sized muscular organ pumps around 2000 gallons of blood daily enabling us to perform all our routine activities. But many human heart problems can affect the functioning of the heart. Heart health problems can range from simple rhythm abnormality to the blocking of heart vessels. All of these problems need to be addressed immediately by contacting a cardiologist.
Choosing a physician who has to take care of your heart health is more difficult than it seems. Whether you are looking for a cardiologist or a heart surgeon in Rawalpindi or any other locality, you can come across hundreds of options that can add to the existing confusion. However, considering your health condition, locality, doctor’s credentials, and tracking the doctor’s performance can help you in making an informed decision.
Risk factors for heart diseases:
Prevention is always better than cure and that applies in the case of heart diseases as well. Heart diseases are linked to several risk factors that can be characterized as preventable and non-preventable ones. Some of the preventable risk factors include:
1- Obesity or being overweight (obesity increase your risk of developing heart diseases)
2- High blood sugar levels/ blood pressure/ cholesterol levels (all these factors make you more susceptible)
3- Smoking/ alcohol consumption (poor lifestyle habits prevent your body from functioning optimally)
4- Inactive lifestyle (inactive lifestyles affects the efficiency and working of the heart)
5- Higher stress levels (inflammation caused by stress can indirectly affect the working of the heart)
6- Poor diet and nutrition (poor and inadequately nutrition diet can result in several problems that are directly linked to the heart diseases
On the other hand, there are risk factors you can’t control including:
1- Age (chances of heart diseases increase as your age progresses)
2- Family history of heart diseases (heart diseases are usually inherited)
3- Race or ethnicity (some of the races are prone to develop heart diseases i.e. African Americans
4- Gender (males are at the risk of developing heart diseases faster than females)
No matter how closely you monitor your heart health, the chances of getting a cardiac illness never diminish. People can still suffer from cardiovascular problems ranging from mild to severe. In this situation, one can experience the flooding information on heart health and care after surviving a minor heart problem. While you are going through this completely different experience, there are several things you might need to know:
1- Knowing your warning signs:
Heart problems can lead to serious emergencies anytime. Here, every second is important to minimize the damage, so getting an immediate response is essential. The patient and the family need to be aware of the warning signs to call emergency medical service.
2- Following the medication:
As a heart problem survivor, you should completely follow the instruction from the cardiologist including proper medication. Such medicines fasten up your recovery rate preventing further damage. You can even contact your doctor again and again in case you are having any queries. Good heart health facilities i.e. Benazir Bhutto hospital assure that you can get the best follow-up services for your medication.
3- Lifestyle changes:
Heart diseases are mostly associated with several preventable risk factors. This basically includes some lifestyle changes such as:
- Including physical activity in your daily routine
- Quit smoking and alcohol consumption
- Healthy eating and appropriate sleep schedule
All these changes not only help to increase your lifespan but also improve the quality of life.
4- Cardiac rehab program:
Cardiac rehabilitation programs can help the patient recover from the trauma as well as help in developing a healthier lifestyle by seeing the people going through a similar situation. It helps to reduce the psychological as well as physiological stress of the diseases enabling you to tackle the situation in a better way.
Once you get the initial signs and symptoms of the problem, you need to keep a track of your treatment. Whether it’s your medication or healthy eating, make sure you regularly visit your health care team and interact with them to monitor your progress.
Suffering from a heart health problem can be a life-changing experience for anyone but choosing the right way and health care professional can make it easier by many folds. You can prevent the disease’s severity and learn to live with it by some minor lifestyle changes and proper health care monitoring.